The virus is able to survive outside the body for at least a week which means objects and surfaces contaminated with dried blood also can pose a risk.
People with the acute phase of hepatitis B, do not require treatment.
If you have hepatitis B, you should receive an annual flu vaccine and a one-off pneumococcal vaccine as, it is likely your immune system will be weakened putting you at a greater risk of developing serious complications of flu, such as bronchitis and pneumonia.
If you are having any other medical treatment, visiting the dentist, having a tattoo, body piercing or acupuncture; you must let the practitioner know that you have hepatitis B so they can take precautions to protect themselves and others.
Predicting those who will eventually develop liver disease provides important information for intervention strategies.” If it had turned out that lifestyle choices and a hepatitis B patient’s environment were stronger factors into the condition of their liver than sex, that would have been relatively good news, since both lifestyle and environment can be changed.