Three Habsburg invasions and numerous rebellions constantly challenged Ottoman rule.
One famous incident was the Banat Uprising in 1595, which was part of the Long War between the Ottomans and the Habsburgs.
Following the Slavic migrations to the Balkans postdating the 6th century, Serbs established several states in the early Middle Ages.
The Serbian Kingdom obtained recognition by Rome and the Byzantine Empire in 1217, reaching its peak in 1346 as a relatively short-lived Serbian Empire.
The period known as the Fall of the Serbian Empire saw the once-powerful state fragmented into duchies, culminating in the Battle of Kosovo (1389) against the rising Ottoman Empire.