On the basis of current data, we find no evidence for significant environmental changes or the presence of modern humans in the region during that time.
Stegodons are thus important for understanding some key biological phenomena including the dispersal abilities of large-bodied mammals and the evolutionary mechanisms of island dwarfing.
Since the beginning of archaeology, new fossil hominid finds have constantly reshaped our understanding of the human journey.
Here we report on uranium-series dating of a stegodon tusk recovered from the Ainaro Gravels of Timor.
The six dates obtained indicate the local presence of stegodons in Timor at or before 130 ka, significantly pre-dating the earliest evidence of humans on the island.
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